Pro-Social Development refers to the development of pro-social behavior. Pro-Social behavior is a self motivated social behavior that benefits other people or society as a whole, such as helping others, sharing, donating, co-operating, obeying rules, conforming to socially accepted behaviors etc. These actions are motivated by empathy as well as by altruism which are concerned about the welfare and rights of others. Empathy is a strong motive to elicit pro-social behavior from men and it has deep evolutionary roots.
Pro-Social behaviors have significant impact on student’s motivation in the classroom of any institution for learning and contributing to the classroom as well as larger community. It helps to foster positive traits in the children which are beneficial to men around them as well as society. To develop pro-social behavior in the children we should encourage them to decrease or eliminate undesirable social behavior from them.
The term “Pro-Social Behavior” was first used by social scientist C. Daniel. Batson as an antonym of Anti-Social Behavior.
Development of Pro-Social Behavior:-
Generally development of pro-social behavior starts in the children from 12-18 month. From this age children begin to display pro-social behavior by presenting and giving their toys to their parents without expecting any praise in return. Thus development of pro-social behavior is going on up to 2 years. From the age of 2 years moral understanding of the world starts to develop in the children. Due to this reason, they become conscious about social standards and importance of social standards which exhibit in their behavior. From this age they start to belief that sharing is an essential part of a social relationship. They learn to give judgments about – Which is right? Which is wrong? also from this age; which also exhibit in their behavior. At the age of adolescence, adolescents start to find reason in every behavior. They do this for getting approval of others. Besides this, they do this because they are more logical about what is wrong? what is right? What behavior they should do? What behavior they should not do? due to their knowledge, education and experience at this age.
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