Linguistic Stages of Development – According to Wood, there are six consecutive linguistic stages of development. They are…
1) Stage-I, The Prelinguistic Stage
2) Stage-ii, The holophrase or one word sentence Stage
3) Stage-iii, The two word sentence stage
4) Stage-iv, Multiple word sentence Stage
5) Stage-v, More complex grammatical structure stage
6) Stage-vi, Adult like language structure stage
Table of Contents
1) Stage-I, The Prelinguistic Stage:-
During the first year of life, the child’s language development include the development of gesture, making adequate eye contact, sound repartee between infant and caregiver, cooing, bubbling and crying. This period of language development is the first stage of language development, that is Prelinguistic stage. Example of some sounds at this stage are – dadada, mamama etc.
2) Stage-ii, The holophrase or one word sentence Stage:-
The second stage of language development is the Holophrage or One word sentence stage. The time of this stage is in between 10 to 13 month of the age of child. During this period child speak one word at a time to express their language. For example- papa, mama etc. Here papa means father, mama means mother.
3) Stage-iii, The two word sentence stage:-
The third stage of language development is the two word sentence stage. By 18 month child reaches in this stage and begin to combine words to make phrases. In this stage children use two words as sentence to express their language. Example of such two word sentences are-
“Not biscuit” etc.
4) Stage-iv, Multiple word sentence Stage or Telegram Stage:-
The fourth stage of language development is multiple word sentence stage. It is also called Telegram stage. The child reaches in this stage in between the age of 24 month to 30 month. In this stage children can combine words in meaningful order. Children can now form sentences with a subject and a predicate. Example of such sentences are –
“Car is big.”
“Where is my ball.”
“That is not biscuit.”
“The bird is small.” Etc
5) Stage-v, More complex grammatical structure stage:-
The fifth stage of language development is more complex grammatical structure stage. Children reach in this stage in between 30 month to 36 month of the age. In this stage children use more complex grammatical structure for sentences. Here more complex grammatical structure means subject, predicate, preposition, conjunction included sentences. Wood gives some example in this regard. They are –
“Read it, my book.”
“Where is my daddy?”
“I can’t play.”
“Take me to the shop.” etc.
6) Stage-vi, Adult like language structure stage:-
The sixth and last stage of language development is “Adult like language structures stage”. Children reach in this stage in between five to six year of age. In this stage children begin to use adult like structured language. In this stage children can distinguish among complex structured sentence. Some examples of adult like structured sentences, used by children in this stage, are –
“ Ask him, what time it is.”
“They promised to help us.”
“Tell them to come here immediately.” etc.
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